Gas Shortage, Crisis And Remedies

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Energy is fundamental to our everyday quality of life. Energy has a direct impact to the economic future of the country and modern country life. It is any modern lifeline of the national economy, infrastructure and technology. Although Pakistan already have natural gas reserves, ‘ sui ‘, the largest natural gas field in sui, Balochistan, but years of mismanagement, a lack of strategic vision, limited energy sector and reserves has led to insufficient exploration of natural gas shortages of these investments in Pakistan.

During the harsh winter months, challenges faced by the people of Pakistan will not tolerate and periodic gas load. From cooking, washing and bathing to housework in the industrial and commercial sector, activities across the country are under serious threat. Gas load shedding has disrupted ordinary people’s daily life and the commercial and human productivity stagnated. Demonstrations around the country, are gas load shedding, and sui northern gas pipeline limited

 

Energy is fundamental to our everyday quality of life. Energy has a direct impact to the economic future of the country and modern country life. It is any modern lifeline of the national economy, infrastructure and technology. Although Pakistan already have natural gas reserves, ‘ sui ‘, the largest natural gas field in sui, Balochistan, but years of mismanagement, a lack of strategic vision, limited energy sector and reserves has led to insufficient exploration of natural gas shortages of these investments in Pakistan.

During the harsh winter months, challenges faced by the people of Pakistan will not tolerate and periodic gas load. From cooking, washing and bathing to housework in the industrial and commercial sector, activities across the country are under serious threat. Gas load shedding has disrupted ordinary people’s daily life and the commercial and human productivity stagnated. Demonstrations around the country, are gas load shedding, and sui northern gas pipeline limited (SNGPL). Houses were burning, tire and roads were blocked supply enough pressure with the public calling in their area. Tragic public demand to domestic consumers in the industrial sector’s attention.

SNGPL 4.7 million home, commercial, CNG and industrial customers fed through common distribution network. On average, the annual demand for gas rose 40 to 50 million cubic feet per day (mmcfd) during the summer and 80 to 100 mmcfd in during the winter. But unfortunately, there are small consumption of major oil and gas fields in the area supply SNGPL system consists of the input is not a substantial increase. Does not include the residential and commercial sectors, this shortage is the bridge by cutting into other sectors, including electric power, industrial, CNG and agriculture leading to unplanned gas cutting gas supplies. At present, the sui northern gas pipelines limited (SNGPL) are facing an overall shortage of 1,400 mmcfd. SNGPL unaccounted for gas (UFG) theft losses stood at about 10% 3 4% 6-7% rest is distribution losses. SNGPL, one of the longest pipeline network have specific plans to reduce the UFG loss new exploration or development activities.

It has been facing serious administrative and systemic challenges. Oil and gas authority (Ogra), the gap between supply and demand standing at about 2 billion cubic feet per day (bcfd) in the present and will reach approximately 8.5 bcfd in 2028, 29.

At the provincial level, Sindh province has its own opinion, create an interrupt setting in the unrest in the province, people rise against the provincial government. According to the PPP Senator Syed · Ghani, 70% of the province of Sindh, while consumption reached 45%. Therefore, the natural gas shortage is a serious problem that requires immediate federal intervention. 158th, k p Government used a combined cycle gas turbine power plant project required 100 mmcfd from the Ministry of oil and natural resources to increase the supply of natural gas. Article: ‘ natural gas wellhead in other parts of Pakistan for the province to give priority to start the day from the wellhead on the commitments and obligations to meet. ‘At present, K-P natural gas supply and consumption of 370 mmcfd where consumption up to 260 compared with summer mmcfd. Therefore be maintained at the current level of demand, and surplus of 110 mmcfd will be available only in the summer. The Ministry of economic coordination Committee (ECC) has

approved distribution of k p 100 mmcfd of gas supply conditions, it would receive 50 mmcfd gas supply from January 2016 in the first stage, the other 50 mmcfd from January 2018 in the second phase. Provincial Government will assume all of the risks and costs associated with the project. These power plants will help solve future energy demands, K-P.

In Punjab, according to official figures, SNGPL total demand facing a shortage of 700 mmcfd 27% although there are non-official sources report below 40%. Textile industry exports have dropped to 4% and textile production in the province of 25%. Hundreds of workers at more than 2000 small size hammering and forging equipment in Sialkot sector has taken on unprecedented gas in and around areas of Punjab due to unemployment. Due to the contribution of the industrial sector of Punjab 60% for 65% of the total national GDP, it was worst affected by the gas crisis. Public request by the all Pakistan Textile Mills Association (), gas-exemption from load shedding caused economic strangulation of Punjab industries and the national economy as a whole.

 

To solve the oil shortage, the Government imposed on natural gas infrastructure development, Seth (GIDC) in 2011 by a decree of industrial use since new connections. Government has invited expressions of interest two phases of construction of 1100 km North-South gas pipeline will reduce transport costs of gas. In addition to installing a new liquefied natural gas (LNG) to fuel power plants to reduce natural gas shortages. Government plans $18 per million United Kingdom heat units, more than four times the current price of $4/MMBtu imports of liquefied natural gas. In Badin, about 140 Mcf natural gas reserves have been found, and steps are being taken to proper use. Pak-Iran gas pipeline project also contributes to the achievement of natural gas shortages. SNGPL are also cut off natural gas supplies to the unpaid consumer index added to the cycle of debt.Secretariat of the Cabinet to the National Assembly Standing Committee has also directed the SNGPL-gas to domestic consumers in the winter three times a day. Gas

supplies were cut off for almost 5-6 days a week at CNG station restore the smooth supply of domestic consumers, but it is more real and long term measures need to be taken.

In order to remedy the situation, should explore more indigenous sources of energy. Should plan appropriate distribution of production, administration, distribution, and consumption policy. A constitutional amendment requires appropriate action plans for existing energy resources and utilization. Understanding of the various Union units and provincial energy demand and overall contribution to the country’s GDP to cooperate with each other. In the natural gas industry needs more research and investment.

Using CNG as fuel gasoline should be reduced, due to the gap between oil and gas prices. And the time is right, should pay the IPP operation. Chargeable to tax and gas bills to avoid the circular debt accumulation. Private and foreign investors should be encouraged in the field of gas and oil. At the domestic level, avoid waste and consumption of gas. A comprehensive national energy policy, including illegal connections, regular fresh allocations for transport and housing sectors, against running generators and illicit business consumers and in need of immediate policy changes must be made by the Government to overcome the crisis of the gas shortage in Pakistan.